- Geneva Science Diplomacy Week – 8-12 May 2023 – Day Five
- Geneva Science Diplomacy Week – 8-12 May 2023 – Day Four
- Geneva Science Diplomacy Week – 8-12 May 2023 – Day Three
- Geneva Science Diplomacy Week – 8-12 May 2023 – Day Two
- Geneva Science Diplomacy Week – 8-12 May 2023 – Day One
- GESDA and NYUAD commit to promoting quantum computing for the SDGs through long-term collaboration
- GESDA, GCSP and Columbia University launch a program to anticipate the future of peace and war
- GESDA publishes the proceedings of its Geneva Science and Diplomacy Anticipator Summit 2022
- Apply for the 2023 Science Diplomacy Week immersion program!
- Debated in Davos: science as a potential driver for renewed multilateralism.
- GESDA strengthens its ties with South Africa by participating in the World Science Forum
- The GESDA Foundation organizes its scale-up phase 2022-2032
- A survey to hear your thoughts on the Open Quantum Institute
- The President of the Swiss Confederation takes part in the closing session of the Geneva Science and Diplomacy Anticipation Summit with his colleagues from the United Arab Emirates, Singapore, Estonia, Morocco and Mexico
- GESDA Foundation proposes the creation of an Open Quantum Institute at Geneva within 5 years
- An OECD delegation at GESDA headquarters
- Peter Brabeck-Letmathe presents GESDA’s plans to the Swiss Ambassadors’ conference
- Second GESDA Summit ahead: Science and Diplomacy in the spotlight in Geneva!
- University of Cape Town Vice-Chancellor and GESDA Board Member Professor Mamokgethi Phakeng hosts first science of the future webinar in the framework of the new UCT-GESDA Youth and Anticipation Initiative
- The Geneva Science and Diplomacy Anticipator (GESDA) is putting science on the global diplomatic agenda
- Science Diplomacy Week – Geneva – 16-20 May 2022 – Day Five
- Science Diplomacy Week – Geneva – 16-20 May 2022 – Day Four
- Science Diplomacy Week – Geneva – 16-20 May 2022 – Day Three
- Science Diplomacy Week – Geneva – 16-20 May 2022 – Day Two
- Science Diplomacy Week – Geneva – 16-20 May 2022 – Day One
- The GESDA Foundation adopts its 2022 programme of activities
- The Proceedings of the first GESDA Summit are now available – dive into them!
- Science diplomacy: Federal Council continues to support GESDA Foundation after successful pilot phase
- GESDA extends its gratitude to the Swiss Government for 10-year validation
- GESDA pilot phase 2019-2022 at a glance
- Professor Hengartner erklärt: So sieht die Zukunft in fünf Jahren aus
- GESDA gathers 14 Institutions to launch a Science Diplomacy Week in International Geneva for current and future leaders in science and diplomacy
- Joint event SDI-GESDA: Exploring Future Trends Together
- New programs launched to train anticipatory science diplomacy leaders
- New GESDA ‘radar’ identifies 216 emerging global science breakthroughs
- XPRIZE & Geneva Science and Diplomacy Anticipator launch partnership to design a quantum computing competition and establish European headquarters
- GESDA Chairman Peter Brabeck-Letmathe interviewed on World Radio Switzerland
- Novel science and diplomacy anticipator poised to forge ahead
- General Assembly of the Diplomatic Club of Geneva: Speech by Mr. Ivan Pictet
- Three additional high-ranking speakers announced for the first Geneva Science and Diplomacy Anticipation Summit
- Alexandre Fasel: «En tant qu’Etat hôte, notre rôle est d’anticiper les révolutions scientifiques à venir»
- Singapore’s Covid-19 strategy, still setting the ‘gold standard’?
- ASEAN Ambassadors visit GESDA at Campus Biotech
- Fondation pour Genève partners with GESDA to boost anticipatory science
- Leading global voices to participate in first GESDA Summit on the future of anticipatory science diplomacy
- Michael Møller, président du forum diplomatique de GESDA, décoré de la Légion d’honneur
- GESDA sharing its expertise for a workshop on AI, tech diplomacy and conflict resolution
- Decarbonisation technologies also address other environmental problems
- “We, humans, have to be able to interpret what algorithms say”
- How to design AI for the greater good
- “Plus de science dans la diplomatie, plus de diplomatie dans la science”
- ‘Laws alone are no match for the power of AI’
- Science diplomacy: a slogan or a concrete asset for society?
- Science diplomacy and cross-border cooperation focus of German-speaking foreign ministers’ meeting in Lugano
- Press release: GESDA to hold inaugural summit in October for global diplomacy initiatives based on emerging science breakthroughs
- Looking retrospectively at 18 months of activity: the GESDA Activity Report 2019 & 2020 is out
- L’ambassadeur Alexandre Fasel, nommé premier représentant spécial pour la diplomatie scientifique à Genève
- The first GESDA Science & Diplomacy Plenary session, as seen by the participants
- GESDA supports International Day of Women and Girls in Science
- GESDA Board Member Chorh Chuan Tan’s Best Reads
- Michael Møller interviewed on World Radio Switzerland
- GESDA Board Member Sir Jeremy Farrar’s Best Reads
- Strong media interest for GESDA’s announcement of Diplomacy Forum members
- Ignazio Cassis: science and diplomacy key to inclusive development
- GESDA gathers its high-level academic and diplomacy panels to leverage anticipatory science advances and address emerging global challenges in an innovative way
- Samantha Besson, membre du Conseil de Fondation GESDA, inaugure sa leçon « Reconstruire l’ordre institutionnel international » au Collège de France
- Science’s valuable lessons from journeys into the unknown
- Ignazio Cassis met GESDA en lumière dans son éditorial de «Politorbis»
- GESDA described in « Ticino Welcome », the magazine for business and society of the Canton of Ticino
- The future practice of data governance in debate
- GESDA included by the Geneva Internet Platform in its Digital Atlas
- GESDA Executive Team Stéphane Decoutère’s Best Reads
- I-DAIR launches its incubation phase
- The imperative of a new multilateralism – enhanced by science
- Micheline Calmy-Rey: How AI could become the new frontier in conflict resolution
- The importance of science anticipation
- GESDA Diplomacy Forum Michael Møller’s Best Reads
- Matthias Egger reelected as President of the National Research Council
- Hungry for daily science anticipation news? GESDA is now live on social media!
- Le job des patrons des EPF est « un honneur »
- GESDA Board Member Peter Brabeck-Letmathe’s Best Reads
- Publication of GESDA Progress Report No1 (July 2020)
Photo by Michael Chiribau, UNITAR Division for Multilateral Diplomacy
Greetings and welcome to a brief news update on the third day of Geneva Science Diplomacy Week 2023. Wednesday morning’s session at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, led by Jean-Marc Rickli, GCSP’s Head of Global and Emerging Risks, and Federico Mantellassi, a GCSP a Research and Project Officer, looked at efforts to create global governance for lethal autonomous weapons systems.
The session divided participants into two fictional “working” groups: real life policy makers role playing scientists versus real life scientists role playing policy makers. Their task was to discuss a ban on such weapons and the ethics surrounding people being killed by machines that makes the decision beyond the realm of human intervention. Among their instructions was to figure out whether there was anything to ban: the weapon, system or payload?
In the first group – real life policymakers role playing scientists – participants began looking at issues such as the degree and requirements of geospatial capabilities, whether a partial ban might work and what exactly is autonomy. Everyone initially agreed that collateral damage was the main issue.
“Can we ensure a minimum degree of transparency? Do we know what degree of bias and algorithms they’re going to run?” asked one participant. “We’re probably going to have different qualities or different degrees of self-restraints embedded into the weapons systems.”
Some noted that even Leonardo da Vinci and Alfred Nobel were weapons designers. Da Vinci, best known for the Mona Lisa and his other artwork, designed a crossbow, armored fighting vehicle, and 12-barreled gun carriage; Nobel, best known for the Nobel prizes including for work toward peacemaking, invented dynamite and blasting caps.
They could not agree on an outcome but shared concerns about the lack of accountability around the chain of command; the scale of the harm that might be inflicted; autonomous weapons’ targeting capabilities; and what is the acceptable level of risk or the precise difference between such weapons and young soldiers who lack experience or training.
In the second group – real life scientists role playing policy makers – participants quickly turned to political considerations, offensive and defensive capabilities of the weapons, and whether targets are humans or machines.
Everyone initially agreed on the need for a two-tier approach and a ban or regulations – but concluded a ban was impossible.
“The military can target civilians as well,” one participant argued. Usage of lethal autonomous weapons “would actually reduce the collateral damage – at least that’s one of the arguments that are used to justify their use.”
They wound up mostly agreeing on the need to regulate indiscriminate weapons and targeting along with the development of lethal autonomous weapons even if their uses are later transferred to civilian uses, and to register hardware through civilian law.
The debate over how to regulate emerging and not-yet-fully-developed technologies illustrated the practical need for and uses of GESDA’s future-facing mission. “We are witnessing exponential growth in some of these technologies,” said Rickli.
Participants also enjoyed a private discussion with GCSP Director Ambassador Thomas Greminger, a former Secretary General of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), who shared lessons as a diplomat who has exclusively focused on multilateralism for his entire career. The day concluded with a session on negotiation engineering with former Swiss President and GESDA Board member Micheline Calmy-Rey.
The methodology, currently being developed as an academic field by the Science in Diplomacy Lab (SiDLab) at the University of Geneva and Swiss Federal Institute of Technology at Zürich, aims to depoliticize negotiations by applying a scientific method. It’s an unusual approach to diplomacy – a field that has remained essentially qualitative – by offering unexplored avenues for solving complex problems with quantitative methods.
In the evening, participants heard a session on “Science, Peacetech and Diplomacy” at the Geneva Graduate Institute with Peter Maurer, former President of the International Committee of the Red Cross; Ambassador Alexandre Fasel, Swiss Special Representative for Science Diplomacy and Chair of the Diplomacy Forum at GESDA; Klaus Schönenberger, Director of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology at Lausanne’s EssentialTech Centre; and Annyssa Bellal, Executive Director of the Geneva Peacebuilding Platform.
Schönenberger said that “tech for peace does not work” because it puts the cart before the horse; peace is an “incredibly complex” process that, per Johan Galtung’s definition, requires the absence of violence in all its forms. Maurer said diplomacy can be leveraged for science and vice versa, “but what I’m most interested in today is science in diplomacy” – direct support for diplomatic processes and decisions through scientific advice and evidence.
Fasel agreed.“That is what we’re trying to do with GESDA,” he said. “Taking the time to develop a shared sense of purpose.”